Rites and Easter delicacies of the Sicilian tradition

Italy – Sicily, a land characterized by its strong contrasts, fascinating and fascinating, shows all its ardor at certain times of the year, where the sacred and the profane become the essential element to know this wonderful people and its traditions. Easter is one of the highlights, in every corner of the island are held ancient rites especially related to Christian / Catholic worship. In Trapani, from 14.00 on Good Friday until 14.00 on Saturday, the procession of the Mysteries takes place, considered one of the most evocative religious representations.

In San Biagio Platani, in the province of Agrigento, are set up by the two historic congregations of Signurara and Madunnara, the characteristic Easter Arches made of dicanne, cereals, legumes and bread.

Easter Sunday, in Terrasini (province of Palermo), is dedicated to the “outspoken”, or unmarried men, who try their hand at a real test of strength by lifting with one hand an orange tree weighing 50 kg. Once it was an exhibition to be noticed by single women looking for a husband.

In Adrano (Catania), on Easter morning is held “La Diavolata e l’Angelicata”. the representation of the eternal struggle between good and evil. The performance will end only when the Angel will force the devils to shout “Long live Mary”.

On Holy Thursday, along the streets of Marsala, there is the ancient procession of living paintings. More than 100 participants retrace the main phases of the passion and death of Christ: from the triumphal entry in Jerusalem, through the arrest, the scourging, the crucifixion and finally the death. In total there are 7 paintings.
In San Fratello, in the province of Messina, from Wednesday to Good Friday there is a festival that mixes sacred and profane, or the Feast of the Jews. Some young people of the village, with their faces covered in red masks, metaphorically interpret the killers of Christ, those who are in error, who behave badly. A very folkloristic experience not to be missed if you are in the area.

In Sicily the tradition is lived also and above all at the table, where rivers of tasty dishes do not leave room for lack of appetite, to end then with a wonderful roundup of delicious desserts. What can we say about the irresistible “Cassata”, symbol of Sicily, born in Palermo in the IX-XI century thanks to the Arabs, from which also derives its original name qas’at (casserole, bowl).

Sweet symbol of Easter is the lamb of royal or martorana pasta born during the Norman name in Palermo, in the church of Santa Maria dell’Ammiraglio, called the Martorana. In fact, it was the Benedictine nuns who invented the royal pasta or Martorana pasta, using a mixture of almond flour and sugar mixed with herbal extracts to give the colors. The lamb shape, on the other hand, was given by the nuns of the Collegio di Maria di Favara, a small town in the province of Agrigento that is still celebrated today with a festival.

But what brings together entire families in the week of passion is a cake with a thousand names. In Catania it is called Cuddura cu l’ova, in Palermo Pupu cu’ l’ova, Ciciuliu in Enna, in Trapani “Campanaru”, in other places “Panaredda” or “Palummedda”: only the name changes but not the substance. A gift that is still exchanged between friends and relatives to demonstrate the sweetness of love and affection.

Its name comes from the Greek Kollura, which meant crown, it underlines its original shape, still used today. It is in fact a biscuit where the hard-boiled eggs are inserted into it, using both the classic forms that represent a dove or a basket or precisely a woven crown, to those more cheerful bells or bunnies, but strictly colored by codets, sugared almonds or chocolate.

The recipe

For the dough:

500 grams of flour 00
150 grams of caster sugar
125 grams of lard
2 whole eggs
5 grams of ammonia for sweets
1 sachet of baking powder
1 sachet of vanilla (better a berry)
2 tablespoons of milk

For the icing

200 grams of icing sugar
1 tablespoon of rum
4 tablespoons of water

To decorate

6 hard-boiled eggs
colorful devils

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